What does it mean if my baby’s head is measuring small?
Microcephaly is a condition where a baby’s head is much smaller than expected. During pregnancy, a baby’s head grows because the baby’s brain grows. Microcephaly can occur because a baby’s brain has not developed properly during pregnancy or has stopped growing after birth, which results in a smaller head size.
When should I be concerned about my baby’s head size?
Pediatricians usually measure head circumference only in children under the age of 2, since the head doesn’t grow much after the fontanelles (soft spots) close at around 18 months. Again, head size is mostly genetic — so if you or your partner has a small head, your child may have a petite one too, and vice versa.
Can babies have small heads normal?
Microcephaly is a condition where a baby’s head is much smaller than normal. It is most often present at birth (congenital). Most children with microcephaly also have a small brain and intellectual disability. Some children with small heads have normal intelligence.
What happens if head circumference is small?
Signs and symptoms of microcephaly may include a smaller than normal head circumference that usually remains smaller than normal as the child grows, dwarfism or short stature, delayed motor and speech functions, mental retardation, seizures, facial distortions, hyperactivity, balance and coordination problems, and …
What happens if baby’s head doesn’t grow?
It’s important because it can indicate how well their brain is growing. If your baby’s brain isn’t growing properly, they may have a condition known as microcephaly. Microcephaly is a condition in which your baby’s head is smaller than those of other children of the same age and sex.
What can cause a baby head not to grow?
- Craniosynostosis. …
- Chromosomal abnormalities. …
- Decreased oxygen to the fetal brain (cerebral anoxia). …
- Infections passed to the fetus during pregnancy. …
- Exposure to drugs, alcohol or certain toxic chemicals in the womb. …
- Severe malnutrition.
At what age is microcephaly diagnosed?
Diagnosis. Early diagnosis of microcephaly can sometimes be made by fetal ultrasound. Ultrasounds have the best diagnosis possibility if they are made at the end of the second trimester, around 28 weeks, or in the third trimester of pregnancy.
Do babies grow out of microcephaly?
Microcephaly is a lifelong condition that has no cure. Treatment focuses on preventing or reducing problems and maximizing a child’s abilities. Children born with microcephaly need to see their healthcare team often. They will need tests to track the growth of the head.
Can microcephaly be detected at 20 week ultrasound?
Although microcephaly and intracranial calcifications are typically detected during ultrasounds in the late second and early third trimester of pregnancy, these findings might be detected as early as 18-20 weeks gestation.
How can I help my baby’s head grow?
Put your baby on your chest on their tummy facing you and softly talk to them to try to encourage them to lift their head. Put your baby, belly down, on your thighs and gently rub their back. Holding your baby upright over your shoulder while gently supporting their head also strengthens their neck and back muscles.
Will my baby’s head get bigger?
Your baby’s head will grow at its fastest rate during the first 4 months after birth than at any other time. This increase is due to rapid brain growth. The average head circumference at birth is about 13.5 in. (34.5 cm).