Is polydactyly a birth defect?
Polydactyly is a condition in which a person has more than five fingers per hand or five toes per foot. It is the most common birth defect of the hand and foot. Polydactyly can occur as an isolated finding such that the person has no other physical anomalies or intellectual impairment.
Is having an extra finger genetic?
Having extra fingers or toes (6 or more) can occur on its own. There may not be any other symptoms or disease present. Polydactyly may be passed down in families. This trait involves only one gene that can cause several variations.
What causes a person to be born with six fingers?
Polydactyly tends to run in families. It may also result from genetic mutations or environmental causes. The usual treatment is surgery to remove the extra digit.
What mutations cause polydactyly?
GLI3 gene mutations can cause several forms of isolated polydactyly. These include postaxial polydactyly type A (PAP-A) and type A/B (PAP-A/B), which are characterized by an extra digit next to the little finger or the small toe.
Can polydactyly be cured?
Polydactyly is usually treated in early childhood with the removal of the extra finger or toe. If the extra digit is not attached by any bones, a vascular clip may be used to remove it. The vascular clip attaches to the extra digit and cuts off blood flow to it.
Does polydactyly cause harm?
Polydactyly Is Caused by a Genetic Mutation
For the most part, polydactyly is harmless to a cat’s health and wellness.
Is polydactyly caused by inbreeding?
Inbreeding would increase the percentage of polydactyl offspring, but there will always be a few normal-toed kittens in the litter, because of that recessive gene.
Is polydactyly more common in males or females?
Polydactyly is 10 times more frequent in black versus white males and 22 times more frequent in black females than white females, according to one study comparing the Southern USA and Sweden.